[转]mysql状态查看 QPS/TPS/缓存命中率查看

运行中的mysql状态查看

对正在运行的mysql进行监控,其中一个方式就是查看mysql运行状态。

(1)QPS(每秒Query量)

QPS = Questions(or Queries) / seconds

mysql > show ?global ?status like ‘Question%’;

(2)TPS(每秒事务量)

TPS = (Com_commit + Com_rollback) / seconds

mysql > show global status like ‘Com_commit’;

mysql > show global status like ‘Com_rollback’;

(3)key Buffer 命中率

mysql>show ?global ? status ?like ? ‘key%’;

key_buffer_read_hits = (1-key_reads / key_read_requests) * 100%

key_buffer_write_hits = (1-key_writes / key_write_requests) * 100%

(4)InnoDB Buffer命中率

mysql> show status like ‘innodb_buffer_pool_read%’;

innodb_buffer_read_hits = (1 – innodb_buffer_pool_reads / innodb_buffer_pool_read_requests) * 100%

(5)Query Cache命中率

mysql> show status like ‘Qcache%’;

Query_cache_hits = (Qcahce_hits / (Qcache_hits + Qcache_inserts )) * 100%;

(6)Table Cache状态量

mysql> show global ?status like ‘open%’;

比较 open_tables ?与 opend_tables 值

(7)Thread Cache 命中率

mysql> show global status like ‘Thread%’;

mysql> show global status like ‘Connections’;

Thread_cache_hits = (1 – Threads_created / connections ) * 100%

(8)锁定状态

mysql> show global ?status like ‘%lock%’;

Table_locks_waited/Table_locks_immediate=0.3% ?如果这个比值比较大的话,说明表锁造成的阻塞比较严重

Innodb_row_lock_waits innodb行锁,太大可能是间隙锁造成的

(9)复制延时量

mysql > show slave status

查看延时时间

(10) Tmp Table 状况(临时表状况)

mysql > show status like ‘Create_tmp%’;

Created_tmp_disk_tables/Created_tmp_tables比值最好不要超过10%,如果Created_tmp_tables值比较大,

可能是排序句子过多或者是连接句子不够优化

(11) Binlog Cache 使用状况

mysql > show status like ‘Binlog_cache%’;

如果Binlog_cache_disk_use值不为0 ,可能需要调大 binlog_cache_size大小

(12) Innodb_log_waits 量

mysql > show status like ‘innodb_log_waits’;

Innodb_log_waits值不等于0的话,表明 innodb log ?buffer 因为空间不足而等待

比如命令:

>#show global status;

虽然可以使用:

>#show global status like %…%;

来过滤,但是对应长长的list,每一项都代表什么意思,还是有必要弄清楚。

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